| || |
What is Functionnal Education ?
Modify function through behavior, you will modify the anatomy.
«Any patient carrying malformations is more or less affected by related functional problems. The earlier the treatment starts the more the patient's physiology will adapt to our concepts."» C. Gugino.
Soft tissues dysfunctions as mouth breathing, tongue thrusting, incorrect swallowing and other myofunctional habits may cause or worsen malocclusions, poor facial growth and relapse.
Soft tissues control tooth positions and should be treated in conjunction with any orthodontic appliance therapy. Research showed pressure from the tongue and lips to control tooth positions on the dental arch.
Therefore, facial growth is influenced by perioral soft tissues' function.
A mouth breather will adopt a lowered tongue position that will induce a narrow and crowded upper arch. Incorrect swallowing will exert pressure on the upper incisors and will most often be associated to a lower lip interposition between both arches, thus impairing mandibular growth and creating a mandibular anterior crowding.
The purpose of Functional Education devices is to restore a balance between perioral and lingual forces on the dental arches. They help the correction of malocclusions generated by breathing and swallowing bad habits in children and adolescents.